For new users, personal Debian boxes, home systems, and other single-user setups, a single
/ partition (plus swap) is probably the easiest, simplest way to go. The recommended partition type is ext4.
For multi-user systems or systems with lots of disk space, it's best to put
/home each on their own partitions separate from the
You might need a separate
/usr/local partition if you plan to install many programs that are not part of the Debian distribution. If your machine will be a mail server, you might need to make
/var/mail a separate partition. If you are setting up a server with lots of user accounts, it's generally good to have a separate, large
/home partition. In general, the partitioning situation varies from computer to computer depending on its uses.
對於非常複雜的系統來說，您應該閱讀 Multi Disk HOWTO。其中包含了很多對 ISP 以及設定伺服器的用戶來說非常用的深入資訊。
With respect to the issue of swap partition size, there are many views. One rule of thumb which works well is to use as much swap as you have system memory. It also shouldn't be smaller than 512MB, in most cases. Of course, there are exceptions to these rules.
As an example, an older home machine might have 512MB of RAM and a 20GB SATA drive on
/dev/sda. There might be a 8GB partition for another operating system on
/dev/sda1, a 512MB swap partition on
/dev/sda3 and about 11.4GB on
/dev/sda2 as the Linux partition.
對於不同工作所需要多大的空間的概念，您也許對於系統安裝完畢後加入的安裝感興趣，請參照 節 D.2, “各軟體集所需的磁碟空間”。